Understanding the Qur’an
Tafsir of Ten Beneficial Chapters in the Qur’an
(Although all verses in the Qur’an are beneficial in every way. The following Chapters will be those recited by RasulAllah for specific reasons.)
They are; Al-Fatiha, Al-Mulk, Al-Waqia, Yasin, Al-Rahman, Al-A’laa, Al-Baqara (last verses), Dukhan, Kahf, Insaan, Ikhlaas, Naas, and Falaq
Chapter: The Opening
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, The Beneficent, the Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgment, Thee (alone) we worship; Thee (alone) we ask for help. Guide us on the straight path, The path of those whom Thou hast favored; Not (the path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray. (1 : 1-7)
The name of this surah is Fatiha. Fatiha means ‘The Opening’.
Setting of Revelation:
The revelation of Surah Fatiha took place in Medina.
Period of Revelation:
Surah fatiha is one of the earliest revelations sent to the prophet Mohamed (s), these verse were around the same time that Surah Mudathir and surah Muzzamil were revelead to the holy prophet Mohamed (s).
Ahmad Ibn Hanbal recorded in his Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal that Abu Sa`id bin Al-Mu`alla had said:
“I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said, What prevented you from coming? I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’ He said, Didn’t Allah say, O you who believe! Answer Allah by obeying Him and His Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. He then said, “I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masjid.” He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I said, `O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.’ He said, “Yes. Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin, It is the seven repeated verses and the Glorious Qur’an that I was given.”—Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal 
Muhammad al-Bukhari recorded in his collection:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Kudri : While we were on one of our journeys, we dismounted at a place where a slave girl came and said, “The chief of this tribe has been stung by a scorpion and our men are not present; is there anybody among you who can treat him (by reciting something)?” Then one of our men went along with her though we did not think that he knew any such treatment. But he treated the chief by reciting something, and the sick man recovered whereupon he gave him thirty sheep and gave us milk to drink (as a reward). When he returned, we asked our friend, “Did you know how to treat with the recitation of something?” He said, “No, but I treated him only with the recitation of the Mother of the Book (i.e., Al-Fatiha).” We said, “Do not say anything (about it) till we reach or ask the Prophet so when we reached Medina, we mentioned that to the Prophet (in order to know whether the sheep which we had taken were lawful to take or not). The Prophet said, “How did he come to know that it (Al-Fatiha) could be used for treatment? Distribute your reward and assign for me one share thereof as well.”
Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj recorded that Abu Huraira had told that Muhamed had said:
If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur’an, it is deficient [he said this three times] and not complete.
Abu Na’im writes [in his Dalayl al-Nubuwwat]: “When the young men of the Tribe Banu Salma accepted Islam, so did the son of `Umro bin Jamuh. Then `Umro’s wife said to her husband: ‘Ask your son what does he know about this man i.e. the Holy Prophet, `Umro asked his son to recite his revelations. His son went on to recite: ‘Al-Hamdu lillah …. Laddalin!’ At this the father remarked: ‘What a beautiful revelation! Are all the revelations like this?’ His son replied: ‘They are more of them more beautiful than this.’” This dialogue dates back to the time before Hijrah (migration), which traditions indicate that this is a Makkan Surah.
Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj Nishapuri recorded:
Ibn Abas reported that while Gabriel was sitting with the Apostle (may peace be upon him) he heard a creaking sound above him. He lifted his head and said: This As a gate opened in heaven today which had never been opened before. Then when an engel descended through it, he said: This is an angel who came down to the earth who had-never come down before. He greeted and said: Rejoice in two lights given to you which have not been given to any prophet before you: Falihat al-Kitab and the concluding verses of Suarah al-Baqara. You will never recite a letter from them for which you will not be given a reward.—Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, Sahih Muslim